POMPOM WEED: CAMPULOCLINIUM MACROCEPHALUM (ASTERACEAE)
How does the Pompom weed spread? This plant species is one of kind which produces amounts fluffy seeds that are wind dispersal. Humans can contribute a lot in spreading the seeds by vehicles carrying the seeds in the mud on their tyres and one picking the flower and later discarding the seeds. Most of the alien weeds and invader plants in South Africa occur during spring and summer seasons, it transforms the landscape from green to pink. The pompom weed (Campuloclinium macrocephalum) is more unique and it increase in spreading than other weed. This member of Asteraceae family it reduces both the biological diversity and carrying capacity of vleis and veld.
Control of pompom weed, the only herbicide registered for use on pompom is Brush-off by DuPont and the two physical methods including uprooting and burning of the plant. The preventing of seed production can limit the spread of plant and “through constantly cutting back the aerial growth the nutrients stored in the rhizomes will be depleted” therefore this will limit the seed production. The active ingredients 2,4-D/picloram chemical is used by farmers in spraying the pompom weed and the control results shows good in use of this chemical.
The farmers, conservation officers, ecologists and WESSA members have suggested that the pompom weed “has already begun to fulfil its potential” and if one sees it, he/she must record the date and location where it occurs in order for Alien invader plant project to verify and record the sighting. What does the legislation says? “According to the new proposed regulations 15 and 16 of the Act on conservation of Agricultural Resources, 1983 (act 43 of 1983), the pompom weed is to be declared as a weed”. Therefore the act imply that “the plant must be eradicated wherever it is found in South Africa” and if one decide to cultivate or trade the plant, the punishment will be taken by law. 
Fernando M.K and Marina .O. Ballon vine, Pompom weed, Barbados gooseberry. Agricultural Research Council, Plant protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. [Iternet] [Cited 2007 Feb 26]. Available from:
Wildy E. Alien Invader Plants Projects. [Internet] [Cited 2007 Feb 26]. Available from: http://www.geocities.com/wessaaliens/species/pompom.htm
Henderson L. Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas. Volume 1 page 2-4. [Internet] [Cited 2007 Feb 27]. Available from: http://www.tshwane.gov.za/pompomweed.cfm
Malherbe C. Pompom weed. Gauteng Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs http://www.africainaday.org.za/Seringveld/pominfo.htm
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