Department of the environment in Australia describes Salvinia molesta as a free-floating rapid-growing, mat-forming, annual fern; individual plants up to 30 cm long with numerous leaves. At the early stage the species leaves lie flat on the surface of the water and at the late stage the leaves bend at the edges, this features distinguishe S. molesta from S.minima. Salvinia molesta can grow rapidly (double within one week) to cover the entire water surface with a thick mat of vegetation. Salvinia molesta causes a great impact in aquatic environment and local economics. It affects the aquatic environment by preventing atmospheric oxygen from entering the water by doing this, it makes the water unfavourable for aquatic animals and it also reduces biodiversity of wetlands. It also dangerous to people since it “provide an ideal breeding environment for disease-carrying mosquitoes” . In Senegal River, Salvinia molesta cause a threat to the biodervisity of the ecosystem conserved by Djoudj National Park.
Salvinia molesta spread quickly in a favourable condition and in size can double almost every two days. It spreads it selves during flooding and by human activities into new catchments. This species can leave under frozen temperature and on the water temperature up to 43°C. It can also survive under a dry condition.
The Australian Government, Department of the Environment and heritage suggested the better method for preventing the spread of Salvinia molesta since is a threat to the biodiversity, the public must be educated not to spread invasive species deliberately and “monitoring should be undertaken in catchments at risk from salvinia invasion” after floods .
1.Unknown. Salvinia molesta, Weeds of National Significance: Weed management guide. Department of the Environment and Heritage and the CRC for Austrialian Weed Management, 2003. [Internet] Available from: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/publications/s-molesta.html
2. Cronk Q.C and Fuller J.L (1995). Plant invaders. Champman and Hall. [Internet]. Available from
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